Configuration variables can be either global or specific to your stage.

  • global
    • config/deploy.rb
  • stage specific
    • config/deploy/<stage_name>.rb


Each variable can be set to a specific value:

set :application, 'MyLittleApplication'

# use a lambda to delay evaluation
set :special_thing, -> { "SomeThing_#{fetch :other_config}" }

A value can be retrieved from the configuration at any time:

fetch :application
# => "MyLittleApplication"

fetch(:special_thing, 'some_default_value')
# will return the value if set, or the second argument as default value

New in Capistrano 3.5: for a variable that holds an Array, easily add values to it using append. This comes in especially handy for :linked_dirs and :linked_files (see Variables reference below).

append :linked_dirs, ".bundle", "tmp"

The inverse is also available: remove will strive to drop an entry from an array. This comes in handy if you have a shared configuration which sets an array but a specific config doesn’t need one of the elements.

remove :linked_dirs, ".bundle", "tmp"


The following variables are settable:

  • :application
    • The name of the application.
  • :deploy_to
    • default: -> { "/var/www/#{fetch(:application)}" }
    • The path on the remote server where the application should be deployed.
    • If application contains whitespace or such this path might be invalid. See Structure for the exact directories used.
  • :scm
    • default: :git
    • The Source Control Management used.
    • Currently :git, :hg and :svn are supported. Plugins might add additional ones.
  • :repo_url
    • URL to the repository.
    • Must be a valid URL for the used SCM.
    • Example: set :repo_url, '' for a git repo located in /home/git/me
    • Hint #1: to access a repo on a machine using a non-standard ssh port: set :repo_url, 'ssh://'
    • Hint #2: when using :svn and branches, declare the repo_url like this: set :repo_url, -> { "svn://myhost/myrepo/#{fetch(:branch)}" }
    • Warning: if you move your repository to a new URL when using an SCM other than Git and change this variable, already deployed remote servers won’t reflect this change automatically, you have to manually re-configure the repository on the remote servers (in path determined by :repo_path) or delete it (rm -rf repo in the default setup) and let Capistrano recreate it on the next deploy using the updated URL.
  • :branch
    • default: 'master'
    • The branch name to be deployed from SCM.
  • :svn_username
    • When using :svn, provides the username for authentication.
  • :svn_password
    • When using :svn, provides the password for authentication.
  • :svn_revision
    • New in version 3.5
    • When using :svn, set the specific revision number you want to deploy.
  • :repo_path
    • default: -> { "#{fetch(:deploy_to)}/repo" }
    • The path on the remote server where the repository should be placed.
    • This does not normally need to be set
  • :repo_tree
    • default: None. The whole repository is normally deployed.
    • The subtree of the repository to deploy.
    • Currently only implemented for Git and Hg.
  • :linked_files
    • default: []
    • Listed files will be symlinked from the shared folder of the application into each release directory during deployment.
    • Can be used for persistent configuration files like database.yml. See Structure for the exact directories.
  • :linked_dirs
    • default: []
    • Listed directories will be symlinked into the release directory during deployment.
    • Can be used for persistent directories like uploads or other data. See Structure for the exact directories.
  • :default_env
    • default: {}
    • Default shell environment used during command execution.
    • Can be used to set or manipulate specific environment variables (e.g. $PATH and such).
  • :keep_releases
    • default: 5
    • The last n releases are kept for possible rollbacks.
    • The cleanup task detects outdated release folders and removes them if needed.
  • :tmp_dir
    • default: '/tmp'
    • Temporary directory used during deployments to store data.
    • If you have a shared web host, this setting may need to be set (e.g. /home/user/tmp/capistrano).
  • :local_user
    • default: -> { ENV["USER"] || ENV["LOGNAME"] || ENV["USERNAME"] }
    • Username of the local machine used to update the revision log.
  • :pty
    • default: false
    • Used in SSHKit.
  • :log_level
    • default: :debug
    • Used in SSHKit.
    • Other available options are :info, :warn and :error.
  • :format
    • default: :airbrussh
    • Used in SSHKit.
    • Other available options are :dot and :pretty.
    • The default formatter :airbrussh will print the output even when :log_level is :warn or :error, while :dot and :pretty will use the defined :log_level.
  • :shared_directory
    • default: shared
    • Name for shared directory, containing files and directories symlinked into the release directory during deployment.
  • :releases_directory
    • default: releases
    • Name for releases directory, target location for releases.
  • :current_directory
    • default: current
    • Name for current link pointing to the newest successful deployment’s release folder.
  • :git_max_concurrent_connections
    • default: 10
    • Number of concurrent connections to Git repository - useful when your Git server limits the number of simultaneous connections while using SSH (like Gitlab CE).
  • :git_wait_interval
    • default: 0
    • Number of seconds to wait after you reach the limit of concurrent connections to Git repository server and disconnect afterwards to initialize new connections. This prevents from being cut out of SSH server when you use fail2ban or similar software for limiting connections to server.
  • :git_verify_commit
    • default: false
    • Whether to check if a valid signature exists on the Git commit to be deployed.

Capistrano plugins can provide their own configuration variables. Please refer to the plugin documentation for the specifics. Plugins are allowed to add or manipulate default values as well as already user-defined values after the plugin is loaded.

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